Main macroeconomic indicators

Published: 31/1/2015 Modified: 20/10/2021

Main macroeconomic indicators are a brief and clear table overview of key annual macroeconomic indicators of the Croatian economy over a longer period.

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Area (square km) 56.594 56.594 56.594 56.594 56.594 56.594 56.594
Population (million) a 4,238 4,204 4,174 4,125 4,088 4,065 4,047
GDP (million HRK, current prices) b 331.322 339.663 351.197 367.501 385.377 402.332 371.517
GDP (million EUR, current prices) 43.423 44.636 46.644 49.262 51.979 54.269 49.318
GDP per capita (in EUR) 10.246 10.618 11.174 11.942 12.716 13.349 12.186
GDP - year-on-year rate of growth (in %, constant prices) -0,3 2,4 3,5 3,4 2,8 2,9 -8,0
Average CPI year-on-year inflation rate -0,2 -0,5 -1,1 1,1 1,5 0,8 0,1
Current account balance (million EUR) c 153 1.524 1.089 1.765 993 1.682 -54
Current account balance (as of % GDP) 0,4 3,4 2,3 3,6 1,9 3,1 -0,1
Exports of goods and services (as of % GDP) 43,3 46,4 47,7 50,0 50,2 52,0 42,8
Imports of goods and services (as of % GDP) 43,7 46,1 46,5 49,3 51,0 52,3 49,7
External debt (million EUR, end of year) c 49.468 48.340 44.678 43.553 42.589 40.285 40.083
External debt (as of % GDP) 113,9 108,3 95,8 88,4 81,9 74,2 81,3
External debt (as of % exports of goods and services) 262,9 233,2 200,8 176,9 163,2 142,6 189,7
External debt service (as % of exports of goods and services) d 46,3 44,0 35,7 33,0 27,0 37,7 34,9
Gross international reserves (million EUR, end of year) 12.688 13.707 13.514 15.706 17.438 18.560 18.943
Gross international reserves (in terms of months of imports of goods and services, end of year) 8,0 8,0 7,5 7,8 7,9 7,8 9,3
National currency: kuna (HRK)           -  
Exchange rate on 31 December (HRK : 1 EUR) 7,6615 7,6350 7,5578 7,5136 7,4176 7,4426 7,5369
Exchange rate on 31 December (HRK : 1 USD) 6,3021 6,9918 7,1685 6,2697 6,4692 6,6499 6,1390
Average exchange rate (HRK : 1 EUR) 7,6300 7,6096 7,5294 7,4601 7,4141 7,4136 7,5331
Average exchange rate (HRK : 1 USD) 5,7493 6,8623 6,8037 6,6224 6,2784 6,6223 6,6108
Consolidated general government net lending (+)/borrowing (-) (million HRK) e -18.346 -11.750 -3.303 2.796 863 1.199 -27.499
Consolidated general government net lending (+)/borrowing (-) (as % of GDP) e -5,5 -3,5 -0,9 0,8 0,2 0,3 -7,4
General government debt (as % of GDP) e 84,8 84,3 80,8 77,6 74,3 72,8 88,7
Unemployment rate (ILO, persons above 15 years of age) f 17,3 16,2 13,1 11,2 8,4 6,6 7,5
Employment rate (ILO, persons above 15 years of age) f 43,3 44,2 44,6 45,8 46,9 47,7 47,2

a The population estimate of the Republic of Croatia for 2000 is based on the 2001 Census and that for the 2001 – 2019 period on the 2011 Census. Data for 2020 are preliminary. 

b The GDP data are presented according to the ESA 2010 methodology. Data for 2019 and 2020 are preliminary. 

c Balance of payments and external debt data are compiled in accordance with the methodology prescribed by the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6) and the new sector classification of institutional units in line with ESA 2010. Balance of payments and external debt data are based on the most recent available balance of payments data up to the second quarter of 2021 and data on the gross external debt position as at the end of July 2021.  

d Includes principal payments on bonds, long-term trade credits and long-term loans (excluding liabilities to affiliated enterprises), as well as total interest payments (including FISIM), without interest payments on direct investment. 

e Fiscal data is shown according to the ESA 2010 methodology. 

f Data for the 2007 – 2013 period are revised and therefore no longer comparable to data for the 2000 – 2006 period.

Sources: CBS, MoF and CNB.